EU institutions and consultatives bodies


  1. European Union: the official website

  2. Eur Lex: the portal to European law

  3. Europe direct gives you :

  • general information about EU matters in any of the official EU languages;

  • an answer to your questions on any European Union policy;

  • practical information on dozens of subjects: for example, how to get your qualifications recognised or how to complain about unsafe products;

  • contact details of relevant organisations you may need to deal with;

  • advice to help you overcome practical problems with exercising your rights in Europe.

4. European Parliament 

  • Committee on Employment and Social Affairs; this committee is responsible for:

    • employment policy and all aspects of social policy such as working conditions, social security and social protection;

    • health and safety measures at the workplace;

    • the European Social Fund;

    • vocational training policy, including professional qualifications;

    • the free movement of workers and pensioners;

    • social dialogue;

    • all forms of discrimination at the workplace and in the labour market except those based on sex;

    • relat ions with:

      • the European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training (Cedefop),

      • the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions,

      • the European Training Foundation,

      • the European Agency for Safety and Health at Work;

      • as w ell as relations with other relevant EU bodies and international organisations.

5. European Commission

The mission of the Directorate General for Competition is to enforce the competition rules of the Community Treaties, in order to ensure that competition in the EU market is not distorted and that markets operate as efficiently as possible, thereby contributing to the welfare of consumers and to the competitiveness of the European economy.

Competition policy is now broadly recognized as a crucial factor for the creation of proper conditions for economic growth and prosperity, since it influences investment decisions, business acquisitions, pricing policies and economic performance. Competition policy helps promote a better allocation of resources and strengthen the competitiveness of European industry to the benefit of the citizens.

The European Commission's Directorate-General for Employment, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities works towards the creation of more and better jobs, an inclusive society and equal opportunities for all.

EU employment and social policies bring practical benefits to citizens, for example, in finding a job, moving to another MemberState for work or other reasons, upgrading skills, etc. In partnership with national authorities, social partners, civil .society organisations and other stakeholders, the Directorate-General addresses challenges linked to globalisation, the ageing of Europe's population and changing social realities

The Directorate-General for Enterprise and Industry works to ensure that EU policies contribute to the sustainable competitiveness of EU enterprises and facilitate job creation and sustainable economic growth. It has the task of ensuring that the single market for goods runs smoothly and is a major contributor to the implementation of the Lisbon strategy for growth and jobs.

DG Enterprise and Industry pays particular attention to the needs of the manufacturing industry and to those of small and medium-sized enterprises. It manages programmes to encourage entrepreneurship and innovation, and ensures that EU legislation takes proper notice of businesses' concerns.


6. EESC - European Economic and Social Committee

The European Economic and Social Committee (EESC) is a consultative body that gives representatives of Europe's socio-occupational interest groups, and others, a formal platform to express their points of views on EU issues. Its opinions are forwarded to the larger institutions - the Council, the Commission and the European Parliament. It thus has a key role to play in the Union's decision-making process.


7. Council of Europe - The Social Cohesion Development Division

The Social Cohesion Development Division was set up in 1998 by the Council of Europe Committee of Ministers to undertake, in close cooperation with the member states, conceptual and methodological analysis. The overall objective is to support the implementation of the Strategy for Social Cohesion, to analyse the society's transformation and its consequences on social cohesion and to seek new ways of fighting against social exclusion in the member states.